Wetlands for a sustainable urban future


By 2050 the proportion of people moving into urban lifestyles will increase to 66% and to accommodate the growing proportion of people, cities are expanding and there is an increasing demand for land. This demand for land is leading to diminishing of the wetland coverers. Wetlands are land areas that are flooded by water seasonally or permanently including rivers, lakes, swamps, mangroves and coral reefs. They provide with various ecosystem services like regulating floods, replenish drinking water, act as carbon sinks and support livelihood. Along with these services, wetlands if left intact or restored will make the cities livable. It is a challenge for urban planners and decision-makers to develop the cities, preserving the natural environment. Urban wetlands play a vital role in making the cities safe, resilient and sustainable and all in all conserving wetlands serve the aims of SDG 11 (resilient urban development), SDG 14 (water conservation) and SDG 15 (biodiversity conservation).